Sack of Rome
- (1527)The sack of Rome resulted from the rivalry between France and Spain over Northern Italy. In 1524, Pope Clement VII took sides on the issue by allying himself with Francis I of France and Venice. In 1525, however, Francis was captured in Pavia, leaving the pope with no choice but to seek the protection of Charles V of Spain. In 1526, in an effort to limit Charles' power, the pope again changed sides, joining the League of Cognac with France, Milan, Florence, and Venice. In retaliation, Charles' imperial troops invaded Rome in 1527, brutally ransacking it. Clement took refuge in the Castel Sant' Angelo, was eventually taken prisoner, and forced to pay 400,000 ducats for his release. He fled to Orvieto and later Viterbo, remaining in exile for the next two years. Clement eventually negotiated a truce with Charles and crowned him Holy Roman Emperor in Bologna in 1530. Many scholars believe that the sack of Rome marked the end of the High Renaissance era and contributed to the advance of Protestantism because papal power was diminished by the event. In 1533, Henry VIII of England requested from Clement an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Charles V's aunt. The pope rejected the petition, leading Henry to establish the Church of England, for which he was excommunicated. Had the sack of Rome not taken place and the pope been forced to bow to Charles, Clement might have simply acceded to the annulment and England would not have been lost to Protestantism.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Sack of Rome — The city of Rome has been sacked on several occasions. Among the most famous:*Sack of Rome (387 BC) Rome is sacked by the Gauls after the Battle of the Allia *Sack of Rome (410) Rome is sacked by Alaric, King of the Visigoths *Sack of Rome (455)… … Wikipedia
Sack of Rome — See Rome … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Sack of Rome (1527) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Sack of Rome caption= partof=the War of the League of Cognac date=May 6, 1527 place=Rome, Italy result=Decisive Imperial victory combatant1=Papal States combatant2=Holy Roman Empire, Spain commander1=Clement VII … Wikipedia
Sack of Rome (410) — The Sack of Rome occurred on August 24, 410. The city was attacked by the Visigoths, led by Alaric I. The Roman capital had been moved to the Italian city of Ravenna by the young emperor Honorius, after the Visigoths entered Italy.This was the… … Wikipedia
Sack of Rome (1084) — The Sack of Rome of May 1084 was a Norman sack, the result of the pope s call for aid from the duke of Apulia, Robert Guiscard. Pope Gregory VII was besieged in the Castel Sant Angelo by the Emperor Henry IV in June 1083. He held out and called… … Wikipedia
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Rome — • The significance of Rome lies primarily in the fact that it is the city of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rome Rome † … Catholic encyclopedia
Rome — /rohm/, n. 1. Harold (Jacob), born 1908, U.S. lyricist and composer. 2. Italian, Roma. a city in and the capital of Italy, in the central part, on the Tiber: ancient capital of the Roman Empire; site of Vatican City, seat of authority of the… … Universalium